Utilitarianism & Kant's Theory

Topics: Ethics, John Stuart Mill, Morality Pages: 2 (691 words) Published: March 20, 2014

Utilitarianism vs Kantianism
January 26, 2014
Sandra Fierro

Utilitarianism vs Kantianism
When it comes to ethics and making ethical decisions there are many factors that come into play. In this particular report I will be discussing Utilitarianism (John Stuart Mill’s theory) and Kant’s Theory. I’d like to believe we all know what is ethical and what is not, but in the end it all depends on what you think and what past experiences you have had, that will help you in your decision making. Definitions

Utilitarianism is basically what you think would do greater good for everyone, self-included, even if it be non- moral (Thiroux & Krasemann, 2012). Unlike Kant’s Theory the act is morally correct if it brings about the greatest amount of good, whether the act itself is good or bad is not a factor. Let’s use 9/11 as an example. Flight 93 was hijacked on 9/11/2001 and was reportedly headed for our nation’s capital before passengers took it down. Their reason being they wanted to save the President of the United States. Technically this was done for the greater good and it was done to make their death meaningful since there fate was only death (stj911.org). Kant’s Theory is based more on what should be done based on duty, rule and what is right. It is about acting without influence of gain or self-interest. Anything done for gain or benefit in Kant’s theory is immoral. For example, there are Physicians who urge their patients, out of genuine concern, to deal with their health issues and then there are Physicians who urge their patients to deal with their health issue because it is their duty. Comparing Utilitarianism and Kant’s Theory

When it comes to these topics I can’t help but put what I feel into what I think. This may not be what one considers to be ethical, but in my opinion emotion does play a part in what we believe to be ethical. I don’t completely agree with Kant’s...
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