The Effects of Social Networking Sites to the Academic Performance of the Students

Topics: Social network service, Internet, Facebook Pages: 17 (6500 words) Published: January 25, 2013
The Effects of Social Networking Sites to Academic Performance of the Students

Title: The Effects of Social Networking to the Academic
Performance of the Students
The purpose of the study was to determine the effects of social networking to the academic performance of the students of Universidad de Manila.
Specifically, it attempted to answer the following questions: 1. What is the demographic profile of the respondents in terms of age, gender? 2. What is the academic performance of the respondents in terms of general weighted average GWA (first semester S.Y. 2012 – 2013)? 3. What is the attitude of the respondents towards social networking? 4. Is there a significant relationship between social networking and the academic performance of the respondents?

Social networking is a popular trend today, especially among college students. Facebook, Friendster, Twitter, Tumblr, Yahoo Messenger, and Skype are but a few examples of the relatively new phenomenon of online social networking. People of all ages are flocking to Internet and are signing up for social networking sites by the millions. Facebook, for example, boated 901 million monthly active users and more than 125 billion friend connections at the end of March (Key Facts, 2012).

Social networking could, in general terms, be seen as a way of describing the modeling of everyday practices of social interaction, including those that take place within family structures, between friends, and in neighborhoods and communities (Merchant, 2012). With online social networking sites, these practices of social interaction are taken to technological level which allows for social interactions within the families, between friends, in neighborhoods and communities, and now, even the world, through the development of online communities.

Most social networking sites incorporate a range of communication tools such as mobile connectivity, hogs, photo/video sharing, with many platforms cross-posting to each other if the user so desires. Presently, many students are using this cross connectivity of social networking sites for non-academic (or purely social) purposes (Ahmed and Qazi, 2011a).

Even though online social networking sites are relatively new phenomenon, popularity is growing rapidly among college-aged youth, with 95% of 18 and 19 years old using Facebook (Smith and Caruso, 2010). The emerging literature suggests that social networking sites are becoming ubiquitous components of youth and young adult life, and the nature of social networking sites was reported by Hargittai (2008), who found few demographic differences between users and nonusers of social networking sites in a sample of college students.

Facebook was initially designed by mark Zuckerberg, Dustin Moskovitz, and Chris Hughs in 2004 as a means by which fellow Harvard students could communicate, share study-related information and socialize with peers at the University level (Calvi, Cassella, and Nuijten, 2010; Ellison, Steinfield, and Lampe, 2007). The popularity of Facebook and other social networking sites is growing to include applications in formal educational settings, such as learning management system and augmentation of content, and in informal education settings, such as relationship management systems, in sharing, communication, information discovery, and creative forms of behavior (Forkosh-Baruch, and Hershkovitz, 2012; McLoughlin and Lee, 2008).

After conducting a study of the influence of social networking sites on students’ academic performance in Malaysia, Helou and Ab.Rahim (2001) found that the majority of the students agreed that social networking sites have a positive impact on their academic performance, despite the fact that they also reported that they mainly engaged in social networking sites for social reasons rather than academic reasons.

Several studies have found a negative relationship between students’ use of social networking...
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