The one day everyone remembers in the 21st century is September 11th, 2001. For those of us living in New York at the time, it really opened up our eyes to terrorism. However, this was not our first encounter with terrorism. For some people, this event was eye opening, frightening and this event definitely scarred them forever. Terrorism like this is used as a means of warfare. Terrorism is meant to scare people into doing what the terrorists want and this affected the world in a social and political way. This statement can be proven several times over in history but especially in 9/11’s case.
Terrorism has been around for many, many years but it mostly started when the group called al Qaeda was formed. The actual definition of terrorism is “the use of violence and threats to intimidate or coerce (especially for political purposes), the state of fear and submission produced by terrorism or terrorization, a terroristic method of governing or of resisting a government.” (terrorism, 2013) Al Qaeda (a terrorist group) was founded by Osama bin Laden between the years 1988 and 1990. No one knows for sure because the al Qaeda group is very secretive.
“Despite nearly a decade of war, al Qaeda is stronger today than when it carried out the 9/11 attacks. Before 2001, its history was checkered with mostly failed attempts to fulfill its most enduring goal: the unification of other militant Islamist groups under its strategic leadership.” (Farrall,Leah. 2011) The al Qaeda is stronger today because it is more knowledgeable within the world. The al Qaeda planned this huge attack on the United States and because of it; it started the War on Terror. Also in a way, the United States promoted terrorism by raiding Iraq. Many people around the world were outraged by America’s actions after September 11th and they thought it was wrong of them to raid Iraq and Afghanistan.
On September 11th, 2001, the world seemed to crumble as we knew it. Those of us at home or at work were trying to get a glimpse of what was happening. Live footage of the airplanes that crashed into the World Trade Center and then the destruction of these buildings were everywhere and on every station on the radio and television. As the important officials went into hiding, the rest of America was thinking the same thing. “Who would do this to us and why?” The answer soon became very obvious because we discovered the Afghanistan people were celebrating in the streets over our tragedy. Furthermore, it was always common knowledge that United States of America had conflicts with the Middle Eastern countries but we never thought it would be this bad.
The attacks of 9/11 affected everyone in the world but especially affected the United States and New York because it actually happened here. It affected us emotionally, physically, psychologically, and politically. This new type of warfare can cause a mass destruction. The people that lost loved ones were depressed and 9/11 physically disabled people because some people that didn’t get hurt worked near the World Trade Center. Psychologically, people were terrified. They were scared of what was to come. Also, this event affected everyone’s view on the Middle Eastern countries. “This was neither a traditional act of war, nor a natural disaster—it was an unexpected attack with devastating results by non-state actors on the most materially powerful state in the system.” (Hall,Todd. 2012.) This statement says that people didn’t see this act as an act of war yet, but instead just an unexpected attack.
The emotional toll of this attack is unbelievable. People from all over America sent presents and feel-better posters to the families that suffered from the 9/11 attacks. A statistic that most people do not know, “Many of the parents, siblings and spouses of the 9/11 dead have never had the chance to bury their loved ones. Nearly a decade after the terrorist attacks on the World Trade...
References: Clague,Julie. 2011. "Political Theology Ten Years After 9/11." Political Theology 12 (5) (11):645-59. http://search.ebscohost.com.jerome.stjohns.edu:81/login.aspx?direct=true&db=aph&AN=66180206&site=ehost-live.
COT Institute for Safety, Security, and Crisis Management. 2008. “Concepts of Terrorism.” page 84-92. http://www.transnationalterrorism.eu/tekst/publications/WP3%20Del%205.pdf.
Dudziak,Mary L. 2011. "How 9/11 made “History”." OAH Magazine of History 25 (3) (07):5-7. http://search.ebscohost.com.jerome.stjohns.edu:81/login.aspx?direct=true&db=hia&AN=67739277&site=ehost-live.
Farrall,Leah. 2011. "How Al Qaeda Works." Foreign Affairs 90 (2) (Mar):128-38. http://search.ebscohost.com.jerome.stjohns.edu:81/login.aspx?direct=true&db=hia&AN=58473356&site=ehost-live.
Government Legal Document. “PUBLIC LAW 107–134—JAN. 23, 2002 115 STAT. 2427”. http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/pkg/PLAW-107publ134/pdf/PLAW-107publ134.pdf.
“General Program Information, Department of Justice, 2013”. Government run site. http://www.vcf.gov/genProgramInfo.html.
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