Topics: OSI model, IP address, Internet Pages: 4 (1481 words) Published: June 16, 2013
Transmission Control Protocol and Internet Protocol
Currently, About 2.4 billion people use the internet, yet there probably is only a small percentage who understands how the internet sends information or where the technology to send the data originated. (Miniwatts Marketing Group, 2008) In 1973, a paper titled "A Partial Specification of an International Transmission Protocol" was written by Vint Cerf. This paper included a system for more efficiently transmitting information across a network and also included references to TCP or transmission control protocol. In 1973, Robert Kahn (open network architect for the United States defense advanced research projects agency) enlisted the help of Vinton Cerf and together they created an in-depth document outlining the transmission control protocol titled "A Protocol for Packet Network Interconnection" which was not published until 1974. In 1974, Vinton Cerf teamed up with Yogen Dalal, and Carl Sunshine (both Stanford graduate students) to create a document that described, in detail, the workings of TCP/IP. Through 1975 and 1976, improvements were made to the transmission control protocol and in 1977, Vint Cerf released " TCP Version 2 Specification."(The next generation of transmission control protocol, updated and improved.) 1977 was also the year in which Vinton Cerf, Bob Kahn and various others linked up three networks from around the world and sent information a total of 93,000 miles without dropping a single packet, (which I will discuss later). (Internet Society, 2008) The type of network that was setup is called a three-way network. This type of network starts at the sender, goes to the receiver and ends back at the sender. By 1978, TCP is split into two separate, yet closely linked, protocols. These two protocols are TCP and IP or transmission control protocol and internet protocol. From this point on, TCP was the protocol in charge of making sure the information was assembled, disassembled and error...

References: Miniwatts Marketing Group. (2012). INTERNET USAGE STATISTICS. Retrieved May 31,
2013, from
Internet Society. (2008). A Brief History of the Internet, version 3.32. Retrieved May 31,
2013, from
Ciampa, M. (2003). Networking Basics, Second Edition. Boston, Massachusetts: Thomson
Learning, Inc.
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