Paragraph 9/11

Topics: September 11 attacks, World Trade Center, Al-Qaeda Pages: 55 (19316 words) Published: September 12, 2013
"9/11" and "Nine Eleven" redirect here. For the date, see September 11 or 9 November. For other uses, see September 11 attacks (disambiguation).
Page semi-protected
September 11 attacks
A montage of eight images depicting, from top to bottom, the World Trade Center towers burning, the collapsed section of the Pentagon, the impact explosion in the south tower, a rescue worker standing in front of rubble of the collapsed towers, an excavator unearthing a smashed jet engine, three frames of video depicting airplane hitting the Pentagon. From top to bottom, and left to right: the World Trade Center burning; a section of the Pentagon collapses; Flight 175 crashes into 2 WTC; a fireman requests help at Ground Zero; an engine from Flight 93 is recovered; Flight 77 crashes into the Pentagon. LocationNew York City; Arlington County, Virginia; and near Shanksville, Pennsylvania. DateTuesday, September 11, 2001

8:46 am – 10:28 am (UTC-04:00)
Attack typeAircraft hijackings, mass murder, suicide attacks, terrorism Deaths2,996 (2,977 victims + 19 hijackers)
Injured (non-fatal)More than 6,000
Perpetratorsal-Qaeda[1]
(See also responsibility and hijackers)
The September 11 attacks (also referred to as September 11, September 11th, or 9/11[nb 1]) were a series of four coordinated terrorist attacks launched by the Islamic terrorist group al-Qaeda upon the United States in New York City and the Washington, D.C. metropolitan area on Tuesday, September 11, 2001. Four passenger airliners were hijacked by 19 al-Qaeda terrorists so they could be flown into buildings in suicide attacks. Two of those planes, American Airlines Flight 11 and United Airlines Flight 175, were crashed into the North and South towers, respectively, of the World Trade Center complex in New York City. Within two hours, both towers collapsed with debris and the resulting fires causing partial or complete collapse of all other buildings in the WTC complex, as well as major damage to ten other large surrounding structures. A third plane, American Airlines Flight 77, was crashed into the Pentagon (the headquarters of the United States Department of Defense), leading to a partial collapse in its western side. The fourth plane, United Airlines Flight 93, was targeted at Washington, D.C.,[2] but crashed into a field near Shanksville, Pennsylvania after its passengers tried to overcome the hijackers. In total, almost 3,000 people died in the attacks, including the 227 civilians and 19 hijackers aboard the four planes. It also was the deadliest incident for firefighters in the history of the United States. Suspicion quickly fell on al-Qaeda. Although the group's leader, Osama bin Laden, initially denied any involvement, in 2004, he claimed responsibility for the attacks.[1] Al-Qaeda and bin Laden cited U.S. support of Israel, the presence of U.S. troops in Saudi Arabia, and sanctions against Iraq as motives for the attacks. The United States responded to the attacks by launching the War on Terror and invading Afghanistan to depose the Taliban, which had harbored al-Qaeda. Many countries strengthened their anti-terrorism legislation and expanded law enforcement powers. Having evaded capture for years, bin Laden was located and killed by U.S. forces in May 2011. The destruction of the Twin Towers and other properties caused serious damage to the economy of Lower Manhattan and had a significant effect on global markets, closing Wall Street until September 17 and the civilian airspace in the U.S. and Canada until September 13. Many closings, evacuations, and cancellations followed the attack, either out of fear of further attacks or respect for the tragedy. Cleanup of the World Trade Center site was completed in May 2002, and the Pentagon was repaired within a year. Numerous memorials have been constructed, including the National September 11 Memorial & Museum in New York, the Pentagon Memorial, and the Flight 93 National Memorial in Pennsylvania. On November 18, 2006,...

Citations: Jump up ^ Inside 9/11 : Zero Hour, National Geographic Channel documentary, 2005
Jump up ^ "1 World Trade Center (Freedom Tower)"
^ Jump up to: a b "The Attack Looms". 9/11 Commission Report. National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States. 2004. Retrieved 2011-09-01.
Jump up ^ "Flight Path Study – American Airlines Flight 11" (PDF). National Transportation Safety Board. February 19, 2002.
Jump up ^ "Flight Path Study – United Airlines Flight 175" (PDF). National Transportation Safety Board. February 19, 2002.
Jump up ^ "Flight Path Study – American Airlines Flight 77" (PDF). National Transportation Safety Board. February 19, 2002.
Jump up ^ Snyder, David (April 19, 2002). "Families Hear Flight 93 's Final Moments". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2011-09-01.
Jump up ^ "Text of Flight 93 Recording". Fox News. April 12, 2006. Retrieved 2011-09-01.
Jump up ^ McKinnon, Jim (September 16, 2001). "The phone line from Flight 93 was still open when a GTE operator heard Todd Beamer say: 'Are you guys ready? Let 's roll '". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved 2011-04-10.
Jump up ^ "Relatives wait for news as rescuers dig". CNN. September 13, 2001. Retrieved 2011-09-01.
Jump up ^ Summers and Swan (2011), pp. 58, 463n, 476n.
Jump up ^ Wilgoren, Jodi and Edward Wong (September 13, 2001). "On Doomed Flight, Passengers Vowed To Perish Fighting". The New York Times. Retrieved 2011-09-01.
Jump up ^ Serrano, Richard A. (April 11, 2006). "Moussaoui Jury Hears the Panic From 9/11". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2011-09-01.
Jump up ^ Goo, Sara Kehaulani; Eggen, Dan (January 28, 2004). "Hijackers used Mace, knives to take over airplanes". San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved 2011-09-01.
Jump up ^ Ahlers, Mike M. (January 27, 2004). "9/11 panel: Hijackers may have had utility knives". CBS News. Retrieved 2011-09-01.
Jump up ^ "Encore Presentation: Barbara Olson Remembered". Larry King Live (CNN). January 6, 2002. Retrieved 2011-09-01.
Jump up ^ "National Commission Upon Terrorist Attacks in the United States". National Commission Upon Terrorist Attacks in the United States. January 27, 2004. Retrieved 2008-01-24.
Jump up ^ Summers and Swan (2011), p. 343.
^ Jump up to: a b c Miller, Bill (May 1, 2002). "Report Assesses Trade Center 's Collapse". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2011-09-02.
Jump up ^ Miller, Mark (August 26, 2002). "Three hours that shook America: A chronology of chaos". Broadcasting & Cable. Reed Business Information. Retrieved 2011-09-02.
Jump up ^ Adams, Marilyn; Levin, Alan and Morrison, Blake (August 13, 2002). "Part II: No one was sure if hijackers were on board". USA Today. Retrieved 2011-09-02.
Jump up ^ Fouda and Fielding (2004), pp. 158–9.
^ Jump up to: a b {Summers and Swan (2011), p. 323.
Jump up ^ "Al-Qaeda 'plotted nuclear attacks '". BBC News. September 8, 2002. Retrieved 2011-09-02.
Jump up ^ "Lost lives remembered during 9/11 ceremony". The Online Rocket. September 12, 2008. Retrieved 2012-04-04.
^ Jump up to: a b "Accused 9/11 plotter Khalid Sheikh Mohammed faces New York trial". CNN. November 13, 2009. Retrieved 2011-09-02.
Jump up ^ "First video of Pentagon 9/11 attack released". CNN. May 16, 2006. Archived from the original on 2006-09-24. Retrieved 2011-09-02.
Jump up ^ Stone, Andrea (August 20, 2002). "Military 's aid and comfort ease 9/11 survivors ' burden". USA Today. Retrieved 2011-09-02.
^ Jump up to: a b c Sunder (2005), p. 48.
Jump up ^ National Commission on Terrorist Attacks (July 22, 2004 (first edition)). The 9/11 Commission Report. W. W. Norton & Company. p. 294. ISBN 0-393-32671-3.
Jump up ^ Sunder (2005), p. 46.
Jump up ^ Cauchon, Dennis; Moore, Martha (September 2, 2002). "Desperation forced a horrific decision". USATODAY. Retrieved 2011-09-02.
Jump up ^ "Poor Info Hindered 9/11 Rescue". CBS News. May 18, 2004. Retrieved 2011-09-02.
Jump up ^ Grady, Denise; Revkin, Andrew C. (September 10, 2002). "Threats and responses: rescuer 's health; Lung Ailments May Force 500 Firefighters Off Job". The New York Times. Retrieved 2011-09-02.
Jump up ^ "Post-9/11 report recommends police, fire response changes". USA Today. Associated Press. August 19, 2002. Retrieved 2011-09-02.
Jump up ^ "Police back on day-to-day beat after 9/11 nightmare". CNN. July 21, 2002. Retrieved 2011-09-02.
Jump up ^ Joshi, Pradnya (September 8, 2005). "Port Authority workers to be honored". Newsday. Retrieved 2011-09-02.
Jump up ^ "Cantor rebuilds after 9/11 losses". BBC. September 4, 2006. Retrieved 2011-09-02.
Jump up ^ Siegel, Aaron (September 11, 2007). "Industry honors fallen on 9/11 anniversary". InvestmentNews. Retrieved 2011-09-02.
Jump up ^ Averill (2005), chapter "Occupant Behavior, Egress, and Emergency Communications", pp ??
Jump up ^ Dwyer and Flynn (2005), p
Jump up ^ Dwyer, Jim; et al. (May 26, 2002). "Last Words at the Trade Center; Fighting to Live as the Towers Die". New York Times. Retrieved 2011-09-02.
Jump up ^ U.S. Department of State. A list of the countries whose citizens died as a result of the attacks on September 11, 2001. U.S. Department of State, Office of International Information Programs.
Jump up ^ DePalma, Anthony (May 24, 2007). "For the First Time, New York Links a Death to 9/11 Dust". The New York Times. Retrieved 2011-09-02.
Jump up ^ Foderaro, Lisa W. (September 2009). "9/11 's Litany of Loss, Joined by Another Name". New York Times. Retrieved 2011-09-02.
Jump up ^ "Alleged 9/11 Plotters Face Trial Blocks From WTC Site". WIBW. November 13, 2009. Retrieved 2011-09-02.
Jump up ^ Roddy, Dennis B. (October 2001). "Flight 93: Forty lives, one destiny". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Archived from the original on 2006-11-30. Retrieved 2011-09-02.
Jump up ^ "Source: Hijacking suspects linked to Afghanistan". CNN. September 30, 2001. Retrieved 2011-09-02.
Jump up ^ "Ground Zero Forensic Work Ends". CBS News. February 23, 2005. Retrieved 2011-09-02.
Jump up ^ Andrade, Beaulieu (August 25, 2011). "Scientists still struggle to identify 9/11 remains". Agence France Presse – English. Retrieved 2011-09-05.
Jump up ^ Lemre, Jonathan (August 24, 2011). "Remains of WTC worker Ernest James, 40, ID 'd ten years after 9/11". New York Daily News. Retrieved 2012-04-10.
^ Jump up to: a b Cuza, Bobby (June 11, 2011). "9/11 A Decade Later: DNA Matching Efforts To Continue At WTC Site". NY1. Retrieved 2011-09-21.
^ Jump up to: a b Summers and Swan (2011), p. 75.
Jump up ^ "Lower Manhattan – Fiterman Hall". LowerManhattan.info. July 1, 2007. Archived from the original on 2010-05-22. Retrieved 2011-09-03.
Jump up ^ World Trade Center Building Performance Study – Peripheral Buildings, pp. ??
Jump up ^ Bloomfield, Larry (October 1, 2001)
Jump up ^ American Airlines Flight 77 FDR Report, pp. ??
^ Jump up to: a b Goldberg (2007), p
Jump up ^ Maclean, John N (June 1, 2008). "America Under Attack: A chronicle of chaos and heroism at the Pentagon". The Washington Post. Retrieved 2011-09-03.
Jump up ^ McKinsey Report, Exhibit 7, "Fire Apparatus Deployment on September 11"
^ Jump up to: a b Alavosius and Rodriquez (2005), pp
Jump up ^ "Al-Qaeda 's origins and links". BBC News. July 20, 2004. Retrieved 2011-09-03.
Jump up ^ Gunaratna (2002), pp. 23–33.
Jump up ^ "Bin Laden 's fatwā (1996)". PBS. Retrieved 2011-09-03.
Jump up ^ "Pakistan inquiry orders Bin Laden family to remain". BBC. July 6, 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-03.
^ Jump up to: a b "Full transcript of bin Ladin 's speech". Al Jazeera. November 2, 2004. Archived from the original on 2007-04-10. Retrieved 2011-09-03.
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • 9/11 Conspiracy Theorists Essay
  • 9/11 Conspiracy Essay
  • Conspiracy Theories of 9/11 Attack Essay
  • Essay about September 11 Attacks and Professional Staff
  • September 11, 2001: Conspiracy or Not? Essay
  • 9/11 Attack Essay
  • Conflicts That Arise from Particular Ways of Seeing the World Are Made Evident Through the Shaping of Texts-Barry Levinson’s Film “Wag the...
  • "Fahrenheit 9/11" by Michael Moore Essay

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free