Leadership And Management Essay

Topics: Change management, Leadership, Occupational safety and health Pages: 29 (5872 words) Published: February 1, 2015
COURSE TITLE:
MSc SPECIALIST COMMUNITY PUBLIC HEALTH NURSING (HEALTH VISITING)

MODULE TITLE:
LEADERSHIP & MANAGEMENT

ASSIGNMENT TITLE:
‘A CRITICAL ANALYSIS AND EVALUATION OF A CHANGE MANAGED IN PRACTICE’

Final Mark:78% (Distinction)

CONTENTS
Page
Case Study3
References14
Bibliography

Appendices:

OneHealth and Safety Legislation in practice.23
TwoLewin’s model for planned change in practice.24
ThreeForce Field Analysis conducted at ‘Unfreezing’ stage25 FourIdeas for lone worker risk reduction strategies from the team26 FiveHersey and Blanchard’s model of situational leadership27 SixReporting in by phone safety plan28

SevenFurther evaluation strategies29

The Government has clearly outlined the need for nurses to develop leadership skills at all levels within the workforce in order to deliver the NHS modernisation programme (DH1 1998; DH 1999). The leadership role expected of community practitioners is evident in ‘Shifting the Balance of Power’ (DH 2001a) and ‘Liberating the Talents’ (DH 2002) with the expectation that health visitors will lead teams which will deliver family-centred public health within the communities they work (DH 2001b). The change I was to lead however was not initiated primarily to support clients, but instead to protect staff working in the community to ensure they were safe and supported in their public health work as a large proportion of the time is spent working alone. The issue of lone worker safety is particularly topical after the recent murder of a mental health support worker during a home visit (BBC News 2006). To support this proposal, Baulcomb (2003) asserts that any change management initiative should not only yield benefits for patients but also for staff and the wider organisation.

The Health and Safety Executive (HSE 2005) reports that nurses and other health care workers are 2.8 times more at risk of an injury2 than clerical workers and the vulnerability of health care workers increases significantly if they are working alone3 (Chappell and Di Martino 2000). It was a particularly pertinent time to examine mechanisms for risk reduction as they had still not been reviewed despite a member of staff being off sick4 due to an adverse incident involving lone work. As health visiting frequently requires lone work, it was clear that lone working practices needed reviewing to reduce the likelihood of a similar or more serious incident recurring.

Further drivers for change were identified as a result of observations of workers in practice. I noted the following areas of concern: up-to-date whereabouts of staff not always provided (or out of date) and a lack of a reporting-in system which would identify whether staff had finished work safely for the day. I discussed these issues with the community nursing manager who wholly supported any attempts to introduce mechanisms that would improve lone worker safety. A further driver for change was the obligation to implement health and safety legislation. Due to limitations in report length, this information has been provided in Appendix One.

If changes are to be implemented which lead to increased worker safety, this will have a positive (although indirect) effect on clients because if staff feel safer and more supported in their roles, they will be less likely to be off sick with stress or injuries (Mahony 2006) which would impact on the team’s ability to deliver the public health agenda. As workers who contribute to the implementation of health and safety measures are known to be healthier and safer than those who do not (HSE 2005), it was felt that this would be an appropriate area for the team to examine and implement change.

It was after consideration of these anteceding factors that the need for change was established and a vision created:

To improve the...

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Bibliography:
Alexis, O. (2005) Managing change: cultural diversity in the NHS workforce
Handy, C. (1999) Understanding organizations. 4th ed. London, Penguin.
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Maslow, A.H. (1954) Motivation and personality. New York, Harper Row.
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Percival, J. (2005) Inspire the team. Nursing Standard. 19 (34), p. 71.
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