How do US counterterrorism tactics act as a deterrent?

Topics: Terrorism, United States, Counter-terrorism Pages: 6 (1919 words) Published: April 5, 2014
Abstract
As the United States wages a war on terror many people will argue that we are creating more terrorists. My hypothesis is that our tactics since September 11, 2001 are actually acting as a deterrent to future terroristic activity. Throughout this paper there are descriptions of how terrorist cells are disrupted by the Global War on Terrorism (GWOT). This disruption of abilities is brought on by a number of agencies with the coordinated intelligence of the National Counter-Terrorism Center (NCTC) established through recommendations made in the 9/11 commission report. The establishment of a central intelligence pool to be analyzed by experts from all of the major agencies was a seismic shift that allowed forces to be directed properly. Furthermore we discuss the new global strategies of the government and its new adaptability. Overall, the information provided through multiple civilian and military forces strongly supports the hypothesis that the United States Counter Terrorism tactics that have been adopted have been wildly successful.  

How do US counterterrorism tactics act as a deterrent?
Since September 11, 2001 the United States has seen itself on the frontlines in the war on terror. This is real and deluded at the same time. The war on terror exists on multiple fronts; this is why counterterrorism is so vital to the country’s interests. The United States (U.S.) Military (2012) defines counterterrorism as actions taken directly against terrorist networks and indirectly to influence and render global and regional environments inhospitable to terrorist networks (p.73). Prior to September 11th the U.S. and most of the world left counterterrorism operations to special military units (Delta Force or Seal Team 6) so that they could be taken care with limited visibility, but now that the beast has been brought to the country’s door step more and more law enforcement are involved at the local level. What is Counterterrorism?

Since the French revolution terrorism has developed into the preferred tactic for extremists around the world. During most of the 20th century terrorism investigations were seen as a law enforcement problem due to their extreme lawlessness of the suspect’s actions. That all changed in 1972 during the Munich Olympics when a Palestinian terrorist organization “Black September” kidnapped and killed 11 Israeli athletes and a combination of German and Israeli special operation units went in and killed/captured the members of the terrorist group. Fast forward to September 11, 2001 (aka 9/11) when the U.S. felt the full force of a determined enemy and the country was never the same again. The sad part is the attack could have been avoided if a stout counterterrorism policy had been adapted according to the findings published in “9/11 Commission Report” (2004). The big precursor according to the commission report (2004) that signaled an escalation of action was the World Trade Center truck bomb on 26 February, 1993 (p.72). Establishing the NCTC

A key implementation as a result of the 2004 9/11 commission was the establishment of the National Counterterrorism Center (NCTC). The goal was to create a joint center for operational planning and joint intelligence, staffed by personnel from the various agencies and partner organizations that include: Central Intelligence Agency(CIA); Department of Justice/Federal Bureau of Investigation(DOJ/FBI); Departments of State, Defense(DOD), and Homeland Security (DHS); and other entities that provide unique expertise such as the Departments of Energy, Treasury, Agriculture, Transportation, and Health and Human Services; Nuclear Regulatory Commission; and the U.S. Capitol Police. The mission released in November 2012 is: “Advance freedom for the benefit of the American people and the international community by helping to build and sustain a more democratic, secure, and prosperous world composed of well-governed states that respond to the...

References: Fisher, U. (2007). Deterrence, Terrorism, and American Values. Homeland Security Affairs III(1), 1-17.
Morningstar, J.K. (2009). Deterring Terror: A strategic approach. The Guardian, 11(2), 17-26.
National Commission on Terrorist Attacks upon the United States. (2004). The 9/11 Commission Report. New York, NY: W.W. Norton.
United States Army (2005, August 15). A Military Guide to Terrorism in the Twenty-First Century TRADOC Handbook No. 1, Washington, DC: Headquarters, Dept. of Defense.
United States (2010, November). DOD Dictionary of Military and Associated Terms: Joint Publication 1-02, Washington, DC: Headquarters, Dept. of Defense.
United States (2010, November). Antiterrorism: Joint Publication 3-07.2, Washington, DC: Headquarters, Dept. of Defense.
United States (2006, February). Information Operations: Joint Publication 3-13, Washington, DC: Headquarters, Dept. of Defense.
United States (2009, November). Counterterrorism: Joint Publication 3-26, Washington, DC: Headquarters, Dept. of Defense.
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