Homeland Security

Topics: United States, United States Department of Homeland Security, United States Coast Guard Pages: 10 (3491 words) Published: December 9, 2013
Securing the Homeland
Introduction
The security of the United States and living without being under a constant threat should be very important to all citizens and those who visit this country. The research revealed some interesting facts, it is impossible to secure every commercial building, airport, bridge, bypass, and government building. One element of the security is that terrorists will not have the ability to attack every place in the United States. However, everything is a possible target and terrorists want to do as damage as possible and cause the greatest amount of disruption in our way of life as possible. The Department of Homeland Security is responsible for protecting the United States of America. However, it is a very complex and difficult job, an overwhelming amount of information must be shared and filtered daily. Terrorists may attack at any point and they will change plans to attack a less protected target randomly. The Department of Homeland Security must make decisions and decide which possible targets to give the highest priority based on the information available. The higher the possibility a target might be attacked the more resources must be applied. The more critical targets have visible guards and a screening system in place (Mueller 2010). Challenges

There are more than five million commercial building in the United States. While every commercial building is a possible target, there are not enough resources to guard five million possible targets. Everything in the United States is a potential target and it is impossible to change some of the fundamentals used in protecting the homeland. Therefore, the DHS has to work within those restraints. The number of terrorists appears to be a small percentage and their ability is limited. However, the overwhelming problem is that one terrorist can carry out an attack that has the potential to be disastrous on an largest number of people (Mueller 2010). While a small number of terrorist does not reduce the threat, policies must be reviewed because originally the department believed the number to be much larger than it is and that it was organized by a larger entity. In 2002 intelligence reported that the United States had between 2,000 and 5,000, sleeper cells however, with a well funded program and intense investigations it was later reported that the FBI was unable to discover any sleeper cells in United States. Furthermore, terrorist must be viewed within their capability a small group of people that can inflect havoc and many of these individuals are homegrown. Studies show that most of the homegrown terrorists, who desire to harm others in the United States, had become isolated from society and are acting out of revenge (Mueller 2010). It is very unlikely that our generation will see another 9/11 attack. There have been many changes in order to protect the United Sates from a similar attack, and the threat has shifted to small attacks that will be carried out by an individual. Our borders and airlines are better protected but if our borders were protected at more than 90% the inside threat would exist. The greatest threat may not be inside shopping malls where thousands of people would gather because of the multitude being dispersed through the mall. The threat is likely to be moved outside where a much larger number of people are closely entering malls or events. Israel has had success stopping terrorist attacks at events only to have the terrorist to blow him or herself up on the streets outside the events (Mueller 2010). The department of homeland security has developed a list of the most likely targets to be attacked. The information is available and the department could use the information to categorize different possible targets. However, all of the places that did not make the list would become more attractive targets to attack. The department has a list complied of the 200 most critical bridges to protect but the potential attackers...

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