Topics: Education, Higher education, Educational psychology Pages: 22 (7080 words) Published: February 21, 2013
Education in its general sense is a form of learning in which knowledge, skills, and habits of a group of people are transferred from one generation to the next through teaching, training, research, or simply through autodidacticism.[1] Generally, it occurs through any experience that has a formative effect on the way one thinks, feels, or acts. Contents  [hide]  * 1 Etymology * 2 The role of government * 3 Systems * 3.1 Curriculum * 3.2 Preschools * 3.3 Primary schools * 3.4 Secondary schools * 3.5 Autodidacticism * 3.6 Vocational * 3.7 Indigenous * 3.8 Anarchistic free schools * 3.9 Alternative * 3.10 Special * 3.11 Education through recreation * 4 Systems of higher education * 4.1 University systems * 4.2 Open * 4.3 Liberal arts colleges * 4.4 Community colleges * 5 Technology * 6 Adult * 7 Learning modalities * 8 Instruction * 9 Theory * 10 Economics * 11 History * 11.1 Modern times * 12 Philosophy * 12.1 Criticism * 12.2 Purpose of schools * 13 Psychology * 14 Sociology * 15 Developing countries * 15.1 Development goals and issues * 15.2 Education and technology in developing countries * 16 Internationalization (Globalization and Education) * 17 See also * 18 References * 19 External links * 20 Videos| -------------------------------------------------

Etymologically, the word "education" is derived from the Latin ēducātiō (“A breeding, a bringing up, a rearing") from ēdūcō (“I educate, I train”) which is related to the homonym ēdūcō (“I lead forth, I take out; I raise up, I erect”) from ē-(“from, out of”) and dūcō (“I lead, I conduct”).[2] -------------------------------------------------

[edit]The role of government
A right to education has been created and recognized by some jurisdictions: Since 1952, Article 2 of the first Protocol to the European Convention on Human Rights obliges all signatory parties to guarantee the right to education. It does not however guarantee any particular level of education of any particular quality.[3] At the global level, the United Nations' International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights of 1966 guarantees this right under its Article 13.[4] Throughout history various governments have made it illegal to educate children privately or at home. Various totalitarian regimes, for example, have mandated indoctrination through propaganda in the Hitler Youth and propaganda in education under various communist regimes. -------------------------------------------------


School children line, in Kerala, India
Systems of schooling involve institutionalized teaching and learning in relation to a curriculum, which itself is established according to a predetermined purpose of the schools in the system. Schools systems are sometimes also based on religions, giving them different curricula. [edit]Curriculum

Main articles: Curriculum, Curriculum theory, and List of academic disciplines

School children in Durban, South Africa.
In formal education, a curriculum is the set of courses and their content offered at a school or university. As an idea, curriculum stems from the Latin word for race course, referring to the course of deeds and experiences through which children grow to become mature adults. A curriculum is prescriptive, and is based on a more general syllabus which merely specifies what topics must be understood and to what level to achieve a particular grade or standard. An academic discipline is a branch of knowledge which is formally taught, either at the university–or via some other such method. Each discipline usually has several sub-disciplines or branches, and distinguishing lines are often both arbitrary and ambiguous. Examples of broad areas of academic disciplines include the natural sciences, mathematics, computer science,social sciences, humanities and applied sciences.[5] Educational...
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