Change after Tragedy
On September 11, 2001, everything changed for the US. 19 men who hijacked airplanes to carry out the attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon were Arabs from Muslim countries. The terrorists belonged to a group referred to as al-Qaeda. Two of the planes were flown into the towers of the World Trade Center in New York City, a third plane hit the Pentagon just outside Washington, D.C., and the fourth plane crashed in a field in Pennsylvania after onboard passengers attempted to take down the terrorists. Many people’s lives changed that day when over 3,000 people were killed during the attacks in New York City and Washington, D.C., including more than 400 police officers and firefighters. I would like to share some of the changes that have come about in the US since that fateful day. There has been a great debate as to whether some of these changes are in direct violation of our constitutional rights. You can decide for yourself. Racial Stereotyping is defined as an over generalized belief about a particular race or class of people. Stereotyping results in many vicious hate crimes and unnecessary hardship for the innocent people involved. Airport security was under heavy fire after the attacks on 9-11-01. The public was outraged. How could this happen? Responsibility for airport security screening in the USA was swiftly put into federal hands after 9/11, with the formation of the US Transportation Security Administration. The Federal government immediately put into action regulations that required 100% of checked baggage to be screened and federal “watch lists” for those suspected of having terroristic ties (Airport Security).
Since 9-11-01 many civil rights organizations have argued that Muslims have become a target for this stereotyping including transportation and immigration laws. For example airline travel companies have been under fire for their role in heightened airport security on Muslims...
References: Airlines, passengers confront racial profiling. (2001, October 3). Retrieved from Cnn.com/travel: http://archives.cnn.com/2001/TRAVEL/NEWS/10/03/rec.airlines.profiling/
Identity and Immigration Status of 9/11 Terrorists (2011). (2011, November). Retrieved from Federation for American Immigration Reform: http://www.fairus.org/issue/identity-and-immigration-status-of-9-11-terrorists
9-11 Commission, Homeland Security, and Intelligence Reform. (n.d.). Retrieved from U.S.Senate Comitee on Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs: http://www.hsgac.senate.gov/issues/9-11-commission
Airport Security. (n.d.). Retrieved from Flight Global: http://www.flightglobal.com/features/9-11/airport-security/
Counihan, C. R. (2007, February 20). American Immigration Policy since 9/11: Impact on Muslim Migrants . Retrieved from Institute forSsocial Policy and Understanding: http://www.ispu.org/Getpolicy/34/1857/Publications.aspx
Department of Homeland Security. (n.d.). Retrieved from Administrative Law Review: http://www.administrativelawreview.org/publicresources/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=13&Itemid=20
Quamie, L. (n.d.). Racial Profiling 10 Years after 9/11. Retrieved from The Leadership Conferance: http://www.civilrights.org/monitor/winter-2012/racial-profiling-10-years.html
The USA PATRIOT Act Legislation Rushed Into Law in the Wake of 9/11/01 . (n.d.). Retrieved from 9-11 Research: http://911research.wtc7.net/post911/legislation/usapatriot.html
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